At the 2018 World Manufacturing Conference, which ended not long ago, a number of cutting-edge technologies and innovations were “debuted” and showed the world the charm of Chinese manufacturing.
Obviously, driven by emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data, and the Internet of Things, smart manufacturing has become the “new kinetic energy” of China's manufacturing transformation and upgrading. It has transformed traditional manufacturing industries and changed speeds and ways like never before. China.
"AI+" becomes a breakthrough in China's manufacturing industry
Automatically play light music "wake up" master's smart speaker, palm-sized robot that can do push-ups with one hand, new energy auto-driving car with artificial intelligence system, flexible display with "S" shape bending... China's manufacturing industry special It is a development achievement in the field of intelligent manufacturing, which amazed the participants of the 2018 World Manufacturing Conference.
In the view of Liu Qingfeng, chairman of Keda Xunfei, the manufacturing upgrade is a catalyst for promoting China's industrial development and even global technology renewal. "Multi-dimensional development of artificial intelligence and multi-industry chain operation will be deeply integrated with a series of manufacturing industries such as education, medical care and automobiles."
“We are in the era of smart manufacturing, and omnipresent smart manufacturing is changing our production and lifestyle.” Chinese Vice Minister of Industry and Information Technology Xin Guobin said at the conference.
According to statistics, as of the end of 2017, the scale of China's artificial intelligence core industry exceeded 18 billion yuan, and the scale of related industries reached 220 billion yuan. Intelligent products such as intelligent networked cars, intelligent service robots, and medical image-assisted diagnostic systems have already had good technical and industrial foundations.
The "New Generation of Artificial Intelligence Technology-Driven Smart Industry Development" report released some time ago also shows that as of June 2017, the total number of artificial intelligence enterprises in the world reached 2,542, and there were 592 in China, ranking second in the world. China has accumulatively obtained 15,700 patents in the field of artificial intelligence, which is also ranked second in the world.
At the site of the 2018 World Manufacturing Conference, the "Xunfei Input Method", which speaks the second word, realizes the "Xunfei Translator" that translates in real time with 33 languages, and the venue robots that have questions and answers to the guests... The smart voice technology once again makes people feel refreshed.
Today, on the open platform of Xunfei's intelligent voice and artificial intelligence, there are 760,000 developers worldwide, and this number is still rising. Users can enjoy all kinds of artificial intelligence services such as listening, speaking, reading and writing provided by Xunfei Open Platform anytime, anywhere through the Internet, mobile Internet, any device, anytime, anywhere.
"Intelligent manufacturing not only makes our manufacturing process more intelligent, such as the use of new technologies such as robots and the Internet of Things in the manufacturing process, but also makes the products themselves intelligent." Zhang Youguo, senior vice president of Science and Technology News.
In his view, the combination of artificial intelligence and manufacturing is profoundly changing the future of life from two aspects: on the one hand, directly changing the performance of consumer-oriented products, and mostly 3C products (referring to computers, communications and consumption) Electronic products, such as mobile phones, toys, robots, smart homes, smart home appliances, etc. On the other hand, in many industries, artificial intelligence can change the "expert system", such as education, medical care, public security and smart city.
Foreign companies compete to embrace China's "intelligence"
With the deepening of the supply-side reform of China's manufacturing industry, more and more foreign companies are also targeting this dividend, competing to adjust the global layout, and adapting to Chinese manufacturing from “low cost, low technology content” to “high-tech, high quality”. The transformation process.
Wu Xiaohua, deputy dean of the Macroeconomic Research Institute of the National Development and Reform Commission of China, said that China's manufacturing industry has continuously expanded its opening up in the process of transformation and upgrading, creating a large number of investment and market opportunities for foreign-invested enterprises.
He said, "The new round of manufacturing upgrades and opening up may have a bigger dividend for foreign companies than the first round, because the added value is high and the market purchasing power is stronger."
On May 25, the first electric vehicle jointly produced by Jianghuai Automobile and Volkswagen Group was launched in Hefei. This pure electric SUV model SOL (Easy) E20X is based on JAC's new energy technology framework, which incorporates the design concept of Volkswagen's SEAT brand and will be launched in the second half of this year.
Established in December 2017, JAC Volkswagen Automotive Co., Ltd. is China's first Sino-foreign joint venture new energy auto company and the third joint venture of Volkswagen Group in China.
Johann Heizman, president of Volkswagen Group (China), said that the electric vehicle has a range of more than 300 kilometers, equipped with a voice control platform based on artificial intelligence technology, and mobile travel solutions including smart charging and smart parking. Program. Currently, the model has received thousands of orders from Volkswagen's shared mobile travel partners.
The data shows that in 2017, there were 4,986 foreign-invested manufacturing enterprises established in China, a year-on-year increase of 24.3%. The total foreign direct investment of the manufacturing industry reached US$33.5 billion. The focus of foreign investment also gradually expanded from processing to manufacturing. In the high-tech fields such as integrated circuits and intelligent manufacturing, nearly 2,000 multinational companies have established regional headquarters and R&D centers in China.
Prior to this, the Whirlpool Global R&D Center and China Headquarters in Hefei were officially opened, which is one of Whirlpool's seven global R&D centers.
In November last year, Whirlpool (China) Co., Ltd. began to build its third intelligent manufacturing demonstration plant in Hefei. Whirlpool is equipped with intelligent robot-assisted production, automated logistics operations, virtual reality glasses, equipment status tracking, big data network monitoring and other means and systems. It is expected that the smart factory operation mode under the IoT environment will eventually realize the industry 4.0 era. The complete construction plan will take ten years.
“The transformation and upgrading of China's manufacturing industry has brought opportunities for future cooperation between the two companies. In addition to selling technology, hardware and software, those US companies that have factories in China are also the beneficiaries of this process.” President of the American Chamber of Commerce in Shanghai Ji Ruida said.
It is precisely the great opportunity for the cooperation between Chinese and foreign manufacturing industry. Thomas Ryanbach, the general representative of the German Industry 4.0 Education and Exchange Platform University 4 Industry, came to the World Manufacturing Conference to find business opportunities.
The Munich-based educational platform brings together more than 100 manufacturing experts from more than 50 German manufacturing companies, including Volkswagen and Siemens, who want to turn German manufacturing experience into “shared knowledge” with Chinese companies. share it.
"China's manufacturing industry is undergoing tremendous changes. There are more and more manufacturing companies and many excellent companies, such as Haier and Chery. We hope to spread the experience of German Industry 4.0 to China, together with Chinese manufacturing companies. Growing up,” Thomas Ryanbach said. “At the same time, German companies also want to know more about Chinese manufacturing companies.”
Promote the “kinetic energy conversion” of the manufacturing industry
"In the past 40 years of reform and opening up, China's manufacturing industry has actively integrated into the global economic system, exerting its own advantages, undertaking industrial international transfer, and making great progress in development, but there is still a big gap from manufacturing power." Xin Guobin said frankly.
According to reports, in terms of economic benefits, among the top 500 companies in the world in 2017, the average operating income of Chinese companies is 11% higher than that of US companies, but the average profit is 30% lower. From the core technology, 80% The integrated circuit chip manufacturing equipment, 90% of the general-purpose computer CPU and basic software are dependent on imports; from the perspective of product quality, the life of general-purpose parts and products is generally 30% to 60% of the life of similar foreign products, and the service life of mold products Generally lower than the foreign advanced level by 30% to 50%.
Xin Guobin said: "Intensifying foreign cooperation, strengthening communication and communication, coping with a new round of science and technology and industrial transformation, and actively participating in global economic competition and cooperation are based on our own perceptions, and promoting the construction of a strong country is based on the status quo of manufacturing. The outlook for the next 30 years, in this process can not be arrogant, not arrogant."
Undoubtedly, the pace of opening up China's manufacturing industry will accelerate and the degree will continue to deepen. However, in this process, innovation must be driven to find new coordinates of the value chain.
Liu Qingfeng believes that China's manufacturing industry must achieve "kinetic energy conversion", and the future will inevitably lead to the matching and deep integration with artificial intelligence. "In the next 30 years, if we seize the opportunity of the artificial intelligence industry, we will have greater voice and influence in the global value chain. Therefore, we must mention artificial intelligence and Chinese manufacturing to dual-energy driving. And the strategic height of keeping pace with the rise, let artificial intelligence rise to a true national strategy."
However, some authoritative experts in the industry have suggested that the development of intelligent manufacturing needs to be vigilant against “Pima vesting”. While paying attention to applications, it pays more attention to deepening basic research and technology.
"For example, at present, over 70% of China's artificial intelligence industry is distributed at the application level, not at the technical and technical levels. If the goal of achieving a core intelligent industry total output value of 150 billion yuan by 2020, the entire industry needs to have a large Growth. Therefore, the outbreak of the smart manufacturing industry is still far from coming," said Li Deyi, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.
Since 2015, the artificial intelligence industry has received continuous attention from the capital market. The annual investment has increased year by year. In 2017, China's artificial intelligence investment reached 58 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 50%. The growth rate in 2018 is even greater. Artificial intelligence is becoming a new "window", more scientific research investment, new talent training institutions and more innovative startups are born, and a number of "unicorn" enterprises with a valuation of hundreds of billion yuan have emerged.
"On the one hand, it is necessary to prevent all walks of life from wearing smart vests, and it is not interesting to have a big industrial quantity. On the other hand, the artificial intelligence industry should jump out of 'stopping scientific research, ending in demonstration demonstrations or rewards for results, and it is difficult to form market products'. Li Deyi analyzed that the industrial base of intelligent manufacturing is still not strong enough, and the demand drive is far greater than the original driving force of science and technology. Therefore, it must sink, continue to gather the original motive force, and work hard at the technical level.
Some foreign industry professionals said that they hope that the door to China's manufacturing industry will be more open and deeper cooperation with global manufacturing companies.
The global president of the Global Small and Medium Enterprises Alliance, former German President Christian Wulff, bluntly said that a new round of technological revolution and industrial change is gestating on a global scale, and the convergence of communication technology and manufacturing is its main feature. In his view, this process cannot be separated from Chinese manufacturing.
He said, "The new global rules of manufacturing, global value chains, global equilibrium and global governance require us to re-strategize and think. We will build a high-end manufacturing international cooperation and exchange platform on a global scale to promote global and Chinese manufacturing. Cooperation between the industry and achieving a win-win situation is the inevitable development of the times."